Sustainable Food Guide
|Environmental Practice at Work © 2005|
||Animal Welfare Issues... |
To reduce overheads, and maximise production, animals are confined and constrained in ways that are not conducive to their well-being. Farmers argue that if the conditions are not conducive, then the animals would not perform properly.
Over-crowding and poor environmental conditions make livestock more vulnerable to disease, this requires increased use of antibiotics.
Other examples associated with intensive and over-crowded conditions include the problem of pecking by chickens and turkeys. Most commercially reared poultry in outdoor systems will have their beaks clipped to stop them damaging other birds.
|Photos courtesy of http://www.usda.gov|