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Sustainable Food Guide
Environmental Practice at Work © 2005 Link:EP@W Ltd Web Site

'Food for Life'
Catering Mark

 Animal Welfare Issues...

To reduce overheads, and maximise production, animals are confined and constrained in ways that are not conducive to their well-being. Farmers argue that if the conditions are not conducive, then the animals would not perform properly.

Over-crowding and poor environmental conditions make livestock more vulnerable to disease, this requires increased use of antibiotics.

Other examples associated with intensive and over-crowded conditions include the problem of pecking by chickens and turkeys. Most commercially reared poultry in outdoor systems will have their beaks clipped to stop them damaging other birds.

Pigs, which like to roam the ground, are often kept in confined pens, breathing hydrogen sulfide and ammonia from excrement and urine. Sows in gestation stalls and farrowing crates cannot turn around.
graphic: pigs


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